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016 | Rethinking Depression and Neurobiology: The Serotonin Debate and Drug-free Treatments

Preconference Workshops


Timothy R. Jennings, M.D.



Approved For CE

Psychologists, Licensed Professional Counselors, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists, Licensed Clinical Social Workers, Pastors, Pastoral Counselors, Lay Counselors, and Coaches

Approved For CME/CEU

Medical Doctors, Osteopathic Doctors, Physicians Assistants, Midwives, Nurses and Nurse Practitioners




Depression is a complex disease state with alterations in brain circuits, impacting the immune system and elevating inflammatory factors resulting in cellular damage to brain cells and alteration in neuronal DNA expression. Serotonin has been implicated in both the cause and treatment of depression, but what does the data reveal about serotonin’s role? This presentation will examine the complex neurobiological processes involved in depression and document multiple drug-free interventions with anti-depressant benefits.

Learning Objectives

Describe the complexity of factors that contribute to depression
Evaluate the potential role of serotonin in depression and the new research that has come to light about its relationship with depression symptoms.
Examine the relationship between brain circuitry, immune response, and cellular brain changes in depression.
Design holistic interventions to promote brain health and reduce risk of depression with psychologists, licensed mental health professionals, medical professionals, and ministry leaders.